# A Guide To Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

Depreciation is a critical aspect when it comes to recording assets in the books of accounts. As a small business owner, you should hire an accountant who can help you with the complexities involved with depreciation. This will relieve the burden of handling such a challenging task yourself.

The company will have less depreciation expense, resulting in a higher net income, and higher taxes paid. This method accelerates straight-line method by doubling the straight-line rate per year.

## How To Avoid Tax Penalties

Depreciation refers to the act of allocating the cost of a long-term tangible/physical over its estimated useful life. One cannot deny the contributions of long-term assets such as buildings, machinery, and equipment to a business’s revenue generation. A depreciation rate equal to 1.5 times the straight-line rate. In the second year, depreciation is calculated in a regular way by multiplying the remaining book value of \$36,000 (\$40,000 — \$4,000) by 40%.

You can use several methods to calculate the annual depreciation value of a specific asset. With DDB, a business can record higher depreciation expenses during an asset’s early years compared to using straight line depreciation. Whether you use the straight-line method or double declining method, the total depreciation expense related to an asset will still be the same.

## Double Declining Balance Depreciation Template

It is an accelerated depreciation method that depreciates the asset value at twice the rate in comparison to the depreciation rate used in the straight-line method. Depreciation is charged on the opening book value of the asset in the case of this method. On the other hand, with the double declining balance depreciation method, you write off a large depreciation expense in the early years, right after you’ve purchased an asset, and less each year after that. So the amount of depreciation you write off each year will be different. In the double-declining balance depreciation method or Double depreciation method, compute the Depreciation percentage first. The depreciation percentage equals 1 divided by the total life span years. Multiply the doubled depreciation percentage times the current cost of the machinery to get the double-declining depreciation for year 1.

• For instance, if you plan on making monthly cash flows, plug them in instead.
• To get production in a given time period, you multiply the per-unit depreciation rate by the number of units produced during that time frame.
• Subtract salvage value from book value to determine the asset’s total depreciable amount.
• Then, we need to calculate the depreciation rate, which is explained under the next heading.
• That is then multiplied by 2 times the depreciation percentage (.20).
• Accelerated depreciation would be used when trying to reduce taxes.

That’s the book value (\$41,000) minus the depreciation (\$7,380). So, after we record Year 1 depreciation, the book value of the work truck is now \$41,000. That’s the book value (\$50,000) minus the depreciation (\$9,000). Remember, every accounting term is going to stay a little hazy until you work through a couple examples. So, we’ll complete an example here—complete with full ten-year depreciation. Now multiply \$81920 by 20%; the result of \$16384 is the depreciation for the 5th year.

It’s one of the many variants of accelerated depreciation that recognize higher depreciation expenses during the early years of the asset. The following examples show the application of the double and 150% declining balance methods to calculate asset depreciation.

## The Benefits Of Double Declining Balance

We purchased Equipment for \$10,000 with a life span of 5 years. In year 1, we use the full depreciable cost of \$10,000, multiply this by .4, for a depreciation amount of \$4,000. First, Divide “100%” by the number of years in the asset’s useful life, this is your straight-line depreciation rate. Then, multiply that number by 2 and that is your Double-Declining Depreciation Rate. In this method,depreciation continues until the asset value declines to its salvage value.

• Tax TipsA Beginner’s Guide to Record-Keeping for Small Businesses Get an overview of all the different records and receipts you have to maintain as a small business owner and how to manage them efficiently.
• The two-hundred percent (200%) declining balance method of depreciation, or double declining balance method of depreciation, is an example of accelerated depreciation.
• It is also useful when the intent is to recognize more expense now, thereby shifting profit recognition further into the future .
• It is an important component in the calculation of a depreciation schedule.
• The higher depreciation in earlier years matches the fixed asset’s ability to perform at optimum efficiency, while lower depreciation in later years matches higher maintenance costs.

Companies can use different depreciation methods for each set of books. Deduct the annual depreciation expense from the beginning period value to calculate the ending period value. Both DDB and ordinary declining depreciation are accelerated methods.

## A Complete Guide To The Double

Under the straight line method of depreciation, the ten-year life means the truck’s annual depreciation will be 9% of the asset’s cost. Under the declining balance method, yearly depreciation is calculated by applying a fixed percentage rate to an asset’s remaining book value at the beginning of each year. Now the double declining balance depreciation rate is calculated by doubling the straight-line rate. Cars and trucks are notorious for losing their value quickly.

The company will have to suffer a minimum loss when the asset is finally disposed of as a major portion has already been taken to profit and loss account through depreciation expense. In later years, as maintenance becomes more regular, you’ll be writing off less of the value of the asset—while writing off more in the form of maintenance. So your annual write-offs are more stable over time, which makes income easier to predict.

## What Are The Different Ways To Calculate Depreciation?

After a five year recovery period, you’ve completely written it off. Doing some market research, you find you can sell your five year old ice cream truck for about \$12,000—that’s the salvage value. For the second year of depreciation, you’ll be plugging a book value of \$18,000 into the formula, rather than one of \$30,000.

Then come back here—you’ll have the background knowledge you need to learn about double declining balance. When a business depreciates an asset, it reduces the value of that asset over time from its cost basis to some ultimate salvage value over a set period of years .

## You May Regret Taking More Money Upfront

It does not take salvage value into consideration until you reach the final depreciation period. How do you calculate the double-declining balance method of depreciation? What are the pros and cons of using the double-declining balance method? Here’s how you can decide if double-declining balance is right for your business. Under the straight-line method, the useful life of 10 years means that the asset will depreciate at the rate of 10% of the cost of an asset.

Therefore, under the double-declining method, the 10% straight-line depreciation rate is double to 20%. However, the 20% will be multiplied with the book value of the asset at the beginning of the period, not by the original cost of the fixtures.

Perhaps you noticed above that the asset did not fully depreciate. The mathematics of Double-declining depreciation will never depreciate an asset down to zero. So most accountants, where tax code permits, switch to Straight-line depreciation in the year in which the amount of depreciation generated by Straight-line is greater than that of Double-declining balance. In the first Double Declining Balance Method year of service, you’ll write \$12,000 off the value of your ice cream truck. It will appear as a depreciation expense on your yearly income statement. (An example might be an apple tree that produces fewer and fewer apples as the years go by.) Naturally, you have to pay taxes on that income. But you can reduce that tax obligation by writing off more of the asset early on.

If you compare double declining balance to straight-line depreciation, the double-declining balance method allows you a larger depreciation expense in the earlier years. Take the example above, using the double-declining balance method calculates \$10,000 and \$6,000 in depreciation expense in years one and two. This is greater than the \$4,600 in depreciation expense annually under straight-line depreciation. The two-hundred percent (200%) declining balance method of depreciation, or double declining balance method of depreciation, is an example of accelerated depreciation. Double declining balance depreciation is an accelerated depreciation calculation in business accounting. At its accelerated rate, it has a rate of depreciation double that of the standard declining method. It is an accelerated depreciation method commonly used by businesses.

Under IRS rules, vehicles are depreciated over a 5 year recovery period. If you have expensive assets, depreciation is a key accounting and… Calculating DDB depreciation may seem complicated, but https://www.bookstime.com/ it can be easy to accomplish with accounting software. This approach is reasonable when the utility of an asset is being consumed at a more rapid rate during the early part of its useful life.